Fur den Bezirk Vorkarpaten, gelegen am sudostlichen Ende Polens ist die besondere Vielfalt an Natur und Kultur der Region charakteristisch. Ihre Flache belauft sich auf beinahe 18 000 km2, die durch ca. 2,1 Mio. Menschen bewohnt ist. Der Bezirk besteht aus 4 Stadtkreisen (Rzeszow, Przemyśl, Tarnobrzeg, Krosno) und 21 Landkreisen.
Die Hauptstadt von Vorkarpaten ist Rzeszow, das zugleich die groste Stadt im Sudosten Polens ist.
Der Vorkarpatenbezirk ist der am wenigsten urbane Bezirk in Polen und eine der okologisch saubersten Regionen des Landes. Auf dem Gebiet des Bezirks befi nden sich die Berge von Beskid Niski und Bieszczady, Karpatenvorland und die Tiefebene des Sandomierer Beckens sowie ein Teil des sudlichen Roztocze. Der Vorkarpatenbezirk ist eine Region, in der sich seit Jahren unterschiedliche Kulturen, Traditionen und Religionen durchdrangt haben. Neben den Polen und Juden lebten hier ebenfalls die Lemken, Bojken, Ukrainer, Wolochen und Slowaken. Heute zeugen von der seltsamen multikulturellen Landschaft vor allem die Baudenkmaler der sakralen Architektur (Kirchen, orthodoxe Kirchen und Synagogen). Hier sind ebenfalls viele alte Brauche und Sitten erhalten geblieben, welche bei verschiedenenartigen Volkskunstveranstaltungen erinnert werden.
Die Landschaft von Vorkarpaten wird durch die schone Stadtarchitektur der Stadten und Stadtchen, sowie durch Schlosser und Burgen der bekannten polnischen Adelsgeschlechter vervollkommnet.
Dank ihren zahlreichen Vorzugen: dem Reichtum an Tier- und Pfl anzenwelt, interessanten touristischen Strecken und Architektur sowie der originellen Kuche ist der Vorkarpatenbezirk eine der attraktivsten Regionen Polens.
The Bolestraszyce Arboretum
The Bolestraszyce Arboretum is situated 7 km north-east from Przemyl and it belongs to the gems of natural and cultural heritage of the Podkarpackie region. In Bolestraszyce history unites with modern times. This historic layout engulfs a park and a mansion – in which in the first half of the 19th century an excellent painter Piotr Michałowski lived and painted – and also a 19th century fort of the former Przemyl Fortress. Aged trees, being a remainder of the old castle gardens, are a very picturesque feature among new plantings, consisting of the species of foreign origin, as well as of the native specimens – trees, shrubs, and other rare, endangered, disappearing and protected plant species. The Arboretum is arranged in the vein of an old horticultural tradition of the Podkarpackie region, and especially looks to: Sieniawa, previously owned by Izabela Czartoryska, Magdalena Morska-Dzieduszycka’s Zarzecze, Dubiecko, formerly belonging to the Krasicki family, the Lubomirskis‘ Miżyniec and the Pawlikowskis‘ Medyka.
Muzeum Przemysłu Naftowego i Gazownictwa im. Ignacego Łukasiewicza w Bóbrce k. Krosna
In 1854, Ignacy Łukasiewicz launched the world’s first crude oil drilling site in Bórka near Krosno. The oil route was marked in order to save Polish achievements in oil exploration from destruction and oblivion, as well as in order to expose it in the Podkarpackie Region. On the route one can find, among other things, The Museum – The Heritage Park of the Oil Industry. A great number of machines and objects coming from the times of Łukasiewicz have remained there, among other things a shaft “Franek” from 1860.
Glass Heritage Centre – discover the magical art of glass-blowing
The history of the glass industry in Krosno and its surroundings is already over five centuries old. The city is the largest glass and glass fibre production centre in Europe. Krosno is proud of its glass heritage and makes a creative use of it. The glass motif is omnipresent here.
Opened in June 2012, the Glass Heritage Centre is not an „ordinary“ museum. It is, above all, a fascinating place which makes the visitors realise how many secrets are hidden in glass and its production. Visitors can actively participate in the process of glass production and decoration.
Glass Heritage Centre offers many attractions to visitors. Every tour starts in the glass workshop, where the glassblowers create their masterpieces. You not only observe the production, you can also actively participate in the production process, hold the pipe and blow a glass product. Another stage of making the product, and another stage of the tour, are the decoration workshops. Here our artists explain how to design and make stained glass. You can try to engrave on glass. You see how glass rods are turned into beautiful glass figures in the hot flame. The tour features also hundred of glass exhibits. Those items have all been produced in the glassworks located in the region. They are a good representation of various design styles and various production techniques and they show a great skill of the local workers.
The top level, which is also the Market Square level, features the art gallery where temporary exhibitions are held. Its area makes it possible to arrange various interesting presentations of interdisciplinary character including interactive, multimedia or performance art.
Another tour point are the excavated and renovated threshold cellars located on the opposite, Western side of the Market Square. The array of seven cellars offers further glass attractions. The interactive exhibition „Glass in Physics“ presents the role of glass in optics and certain phenomena that can be demonstrated with glass tools. The modern means of presentation like LCD screens show old photographs that present the glass production in the first Krosno glassworks. We employ a steam projector that displays a holographic image of a show by Ksenia Simonowa, an artist who paint with sand on glass. The cellars also hold a cross section model of a glass furnace. One of the exhibitions, titled ‚Wold brands produced in Krosno‘, presents glass products made locally for renown international companies. They prove that the skill of local workers is appreciated by the best players on the international market. The last two cellars present unique works of art. The glass objects are different in their character and the techniques empolyed for their creation.
Discover the magical art of glassblowing!
Sanok Open Air Museum
Sanok Open Air Museum (3 Rybicki street) is a one of the biggest skansens in Poland. It was established in 1958 by Aleksander Rybicki and contains 200 buildings which have been relocated from different areas of Sanok Land (Bieszczady, Low Beskids, Pogórza, Doły Jasielsko Sanockie) . The Sanok skansen shows 19th and early 20th century life in this area of Poland.
The park is divided into distinct but similar-looking sections – each featuring an ethnic group living in the region prior to the post-WWII forced resettlements. (Boykos, Lemkos), Dolinians (Dale Dwellers) and Polish Uplanders (pl. Pogorzanie) homes and churches have been transported there from surrounding villages, restored to original condition and furnished with authentic objects of the period. One can go inside many of the buildings including several homes, a school house and a Roman-Catholic or Greek-Catholic church. The museum also possesses a large photographic archive, including authentic photos from the 19th and 20th centuries.
The Carpathian Troy Open-Air Museum
Trzcinica near Jasło The Carpathian Troy Open-Air Museum is located at Trzcinica, in south-eastern Poland, in Podkarpackie Voivodeship, a few kilometres north-west of Jasło, on the Valley of the Ropa River. 160, 000 artefacts The site where the open-air museum has been built is one of the most important archaeological sites in Poland with major importance for discovering the prehistory of Central-Eastern Europe. In the course of archaeological works, particularly the ones carried out since 1991 by Jan Gancarski, over 160 000 artefacts have been unearthed here. The collection comprises pottery vessels, items made of clay, flint and stone, bone and horn as well as bronze and iron. Many of them are unique, considered to be fabulous pieces of prehistoric art and craft. Carpathian Troy One of the earliest strongly fortified settlements known in Poland, dated to the beginnings of the Bronze Age, has been discovered at Trzcinica. It was built as early as over 4000 years ago! Furthermore, it was here where the first settlement of the Otomani-Füzesabony culture has been discovered in Poland. The culture was found to have been under strong Mediterranean influences and is dated to 1650-1350 BC. Taking into consideration the importance of the discovery, chronology and obvious south European influences, the site was called ‘the Carpathian Troy’. Royal Earthworks Over 2000 years after the fall of the Carpathian Troy the site was inhabited by the Slavs. They erected a large settlement of 3 hectares of land, surrounded by monumental earthworks which nowadays, in some parts, are still as high as 10 meters. This is exactly the site which is often called ‘Royal Earthworks’. The hillfort is dated to 770-1020 AD. There have been a few tens of thousands of Slavic artefacts discovered on the site including a hoard of silver items which contained a famous trimming from a sword-scabbard – a masterpiece of early medieval craft. Unique fusion The Carpathian Troy Open-Air Museum – a branch of Subcarpathian Museum in Krosno – has been built at Trzcinica in order to protect the hillfort and make it available for tourists. The originator of the idea of building of an open-air museum at Trzcinica is Jan Gancarski – the director of the Subcarpathian Museum. The Carpathian Troy is an original fusion of a traditional form an open-air museum with a modern museum institution. The whole complex consists of the hillfort and the archaeological park located at the foot of it. There are over 150 meters of reconstructed earthworks, 2 gateways (the first one is dated to the beginnings of the Bronze Age, the other to the early medieval times) and 6 cottages. In the archaeological park there are 2 reconstructed villages – the village of the Otomani culture and the Early Medieval village. A modern exhibition pavilion is situated here as well. It comprises spacious exhibition hall, functional conference room, multimedia lecture room for students, cosy ‘Room of a Small Discoverer’ for the youngest guests, and eating area where the cuisine based on the ‘art of cooking’ performed by our ancestors will be offered. All that, enriched with an attractive cultural programme and unique atmosphere, guarantees that all visitors will have a good time.
Łańcut Castle is one of the most beautiful aristocratic residences in Poland, famous for its excellent interiors and extraordinarily interesting collection of horse-drawn carriages. The palace complex is surrounded by an old and picturesque park in the English style filled with pavilions and farm buildings, all part of the former the daily life of the castle.
The Castle interiors are considered the most beautiful in Poland. The oldest preserved rooms are: Great Vestibule, Room under the Wooden Ceiling and Zodiac Room. They date back to the 40’s of the 17th century but unfortunately none of them remained in its original form.
There is a number of rooms which were created in the 18th century. Chronologically the oldest were decorated at the beginning of the 80’s by the Italian artist Vincenzo Brenne. They include: Brenne Apartment on the ground floor, Pompeian Room on the second floor and Chinese Apartment on the first floor. The last one contains historic polychromy hidden under later decorations.
Several rooms designed by Szymon Bogumił Zug come from the 2nd half of the 18th century: Turkish Apartment, Columned Salon and designed together with Jan Christian Kamsetzer: Princess’ Bedroom, Boucher Salon. Rococo Salon and Sculpture Gallery also come from this period.
The most representative rooms were created in 1800 on the first floor of the west wing on the basis of Krystian Piotr Aigner’s designs. They include: classicist Ball Room and Great Dining Room.
At the turn of the 19th and the 20th century numerous interesting interiors were arranged and majority of them remained in its original form. The most impressive include: Library, Corner Salon, Dining Room over the Gate and a lot of bathrooms.
The interiors hold numerous works of art which come from the old Łańcut collections and from other museums. The oldest exhibits create a part of collection made by Princess Lubomirska and they were brought to Łańcut in the 2nd half of the 18th century. The exhibits were used both as decorations and as everyday use objects. Some of the most valuable exhibits from this collection may be admired in the Gallery of Ancient Art in the National Museum in Warsaw.
Successive owners from the Potocki family extended the collection by adding new exhibits. Today in Łańcut one may see rich and various collections of paintings and graphics, furniture, musical instruments, silver, porcelain, glass, fabric and a magnificent book collection.
Przemyśl – (Muzeum Dzwonów i Fajek/Muzeum Narodowe Ziemi Przemyskiej, Archikatedra)
Przemyśl – 1000-year-old Przemyśl is one of the oldest Polish cities. The token of rememberance from the first Piast family members are relics of the rotunda and the antique castle on the castle hill. In the 14th century King Kazimierz the Great built a Gothic castle here . The monument, reconstructed several times, still overlooks the San Valley and the entire city. At the foot of the castle hill King Władysław Jagiełło founded a cathedral, which after the 18th century reconstruction joined the elements of Gothic and Baroque architecture. Below the cathedral a unique inclined market is located with three frontages preserved until the present day. Burgher houses with origins from the 16th century witnessed the golden age of Przemyśl, which at the turn of the 16th and 17th centuries was one of the greatest and richest cities in Poland. Impressive Franciscan, Jesuit, Carmelite and Reformist churches bear witness to these times.
There are hundreds of historic buildings. One can admire the panorama of the exquisite Przemyśl Old Town from Zniesienie and Winna Góra hills overlooking the city, as well as from a tall clock tower, which is the home to an exceptional Museum of Bells and Pipes.
In the second half of the 19th century, on the hills around the city, Austrians built one of the biggest fortresses on the old continent, and several hundred buildings were erected in the city, including Art Nouveau burgher houses as outstanding as those in Vienna, Cracow or Lvov. Przemyśl gained publicity throughout Europe during the first World War, when the city’s fortress, called ‘The Gateway of Hungary’, was beleaguered for months by the Russian army. The ruins of formidable forts, which in different conditions survived three sieges, are a magnet attracting many tourists today. Przemyśl is also a perfect starting place for The Przemyskie and Dynowskie foot-hills, Bieszczady Mountains, Lvov and the Borderland area. The city is a starting point for tourist routes to Sanok, Dynów, various walking routes, and in its neighbourhood there is a walking route to Ustrzyki Dolne and the fortress route. The land of Przemyśl is famous for its abundance of marvellous landscapes and historic buildings. The old town of Krasiczyn is located nearby with an impressive castle, often referred to as the gem of Polish Rennaissance architecture, and over picturesque hills 42 calvary chapels are scattered in the neighbourhood of a well-known monastery complex – The Sanctuary of the Passion and the Holy Virgin.
In winter, tourists are attracted by the ski slope with a chair-lift, downhill skiing routes and all the necessary infrastructure.
Podkarpackie our way
Wooden Architecture Trail in Podkarpackie Region
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